Ian R. Falconer's Algal toxins in seafood and drinking water PDF
By Ian R. Falconer
Crimson tides within the sea and vivid eco-friendly lakes and rivers have gotten beneficial properties of our degraded global surroundings. those occasions, brought on by algae and the pollution they produce, are frequently linked to poisoning of individuals or cattle leading to harm to wellbeing and fitness and fiscal loss. This quantity presents definitive details at the identity of poisonous marine and freshwater algae, the regimen research and results of algal pollution, their veterinary and public overall healthiness impression, and on keep an eye on measures in present use. pros within the foodstuff and water undefined, and people operating in public well-being and environmental ecology will locate this booklet tremendous useful. Read more...
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Additional resources for Algal toxins in seafood and drinking water
Trans. R. Soc. S. Afr. 47, 611-628. , Tsuboi, K. and Ogushi, M. (1986) Pattern recognition of marine phytoplank ton, Dinophysis. J. Inst. Image Electron Eng. Jpn (Gazo Denshi Gakkaishi) 15, 514-520. Iwaka, M. J. (1975) Chemical and physiological studies on the marine dinoflagellate Amphidinium carterae. In Proceedings of The First International Conference on Toxic Dinoflagellate Blooms (Ed. R. LoCicero), pp. 323-332. Massachusetts Science and Technical Foundation, Wakefield, MA. Iwaka, M. F. (1973) Choline and related substances in algae.
Yang et al. (1987) studied the correlation between the RIA method, the standard mouse bioassay and an HPLC method. They found that the RIA results correspond well to those from the other two techniques and that the RIA method was a good screening method for PSP-contaminated shellfish. While these assay techniques are capable of detecting picogram quantities of the toxins, they exhibit a variable degree of reactivity with different PSP toxins. 1) greatly affects the cross-reactivity of the toxins with the antibodies in the assay method (Cembella et al.
Generally, between three and 12 of the different toxins are present in any given shellfish sample and constitute the "toxin profile" of the shellfish. The toxin profile is dependent on the strain of dinoflagellate, the shellfish species and the time between exposure to the toxins and sampling. The toxin profile can be influenced by metabolic conversion or selective retention of the toxins in the shellfish following ingestion. This, coupled with the various toxin profiles in the different dinoflagellate strains, makes it very difficult to predict which toxins will be present in a particular shellfish sample and makes it difficult for the analyst charged with shellfish toxicity determina tions.
Algal toxins in seafood and drinking water by Ian R. Falconer