Read e-book online Africa's Freedom Railway: How a Chinese Development Project PDF
By Jamie Monson
The TAZARA (Tanzania Zambia Railway Authority), or Freedom Railway, from Dar es Salaam at the Tanzanian coast to the Copperbelt zone of Zambia used to be instrumental in fostering the most sweeping improvement transitions in post-colonial Africa. outfitted through the top of the chilly struggle, the railway was once meant to redirect the mineral wealth of the inner clear of routes via South Africa and Rhodesia. Rebuffed by means of Western relief organisations, newly self sustaining Tanzania and Zambia authorized aid from China to build what may turn into one in every of Africa's most crucial transportation corridors. The ebook follows the railroad from layout and development to its day-by-day use as a necessary capability for relocating villagers and items. It tells a narrative of the way transnational pursuits contributed to environmental swap, inhabitants events, and the increase of neighborhood and local firm.
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Additional resources for Africa's Freedom Railway: How a Chinese Development Project Changed Lives and Livelihoods in Tanzania
To the north and southeast, there was already competition with the British Uganda railway and the Shire-Zambezi railway respectively. 7 German colonial officials had talked since the late 1880s about the need to link their dispersed African colonies together, by obtaining parts of Portuguese-held territory in Angola and Mozambique or by carving out a section of the resource-rich Congo. As part of the Mittelafrika strategy, German politicians proposed railway projects that would stretch right across the continent from west to east.
Local costs—including worker wages, housing, foodstuffs, medical care, and local building materials— would be financed through a commodity credit agreement. Through this arrangement, Chinese goods worth the full value of this portion of the loan would be imported into Tanzania and Zambia, and the proceeds from their sale would be used to pay for the local expenses. This required a complex set of arrangements involving Chinese commodity traders, national banks in China, Zambia, and Tanzania, and the Tanzania Zambia Railway Authority.
Sugar production was especially important in the Kilombero valley, where mechanized rice production and ranching were also proposed. In the surrounding southern highlands maize farming and forest plantations were seen as productive options for Iringa, Njombe, and Mbeya. There were similar possibilities for rural development on the Zambian side, although the northeastern region had lower agricultural potential. In addition to stimulating economic development in southern Tanzania and northeastern Zambia, the TAZARA railway was expected to be politically liberating for the entire southern African region.
Africa's Freedom Railway: How a Chinese Development Project Changed Lives and Livelihoods in Tanzania by Jamie Monson