Activation and Catalytic Reactions of Saturated Hydrocarbons by A.E. Shilov, Georgiy B. Shul'pin, Alexander E. Shilov PDF

By A.E. Shilov, Georgiy B. Shul'pin, Alexander E. Shilov

ISBN-10: 0306469456

ISBN-13: 9780306469459

ISBN-10: 0792361016

ISBN-13: 9780792361015

hemistry is the technological know-how approximately breaking and forming of bonds among atoms. the most very important procedures for natural chemistry is breaking bonds C–H, in addition to C–C in a number of compounds, and essentially, in hydrocarbons. between hydrocarbons, saturated hydrocarbons, alkanes (methane, ethane, propane, hexane and so on. ), are particularly beautiful as substrates for chemical adjustments. this is why, at the one hand, alkanes are the most parts of oil and average gasoline, and therefore are the primary feedstocks for chemical undefined. nonetheless, those elements are recognized to be the fewer reactive natural compounds. Saturated hydrocarbons will be referred to as the “noble gases of natural chemistry” and, if this is the case, the 1st consultant in their family members – methane – can be in comparison with tremendous inert helium. As in all comparisons, this parallel among noble gases and alkanes isn't really absolutely exact. certainly the alterations of alkanes, together with methane, were identified for a very long time. those reactions contain the interplay with molecular oxygen from air (burning – the most resource of energy!), in addition to a few mutual interconversions of saturated and unsaturated hydrocarbons. besides the fact that, these kinds of ameliorations ensue at increased temperatures (higher than 300–500 °C) and tend to be characterised by way of a scarcity of selectivity. The conversion of alkanes into carbon dioxide and water in the course of burning is an incredibly useful technique – yet now not from a chemist viewpoint.

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Photochemical reaction of 4-tert-butyltoluene with gives benzyl bromide easily hydrolyzed to 4-tert-butylbenzaldehyde [18c]. Thermal and photochemical bromination of decalin gives mainly tetrabromooctalin [18d]: Adamantane has been brominated with the system transfer catalysis conditions [18e]: under phase Transformations in the Absence of Metals The reaction is believed to be initiated by single-electron oxidation of 33 by The behavior of 1 -adamantyl radical in chlorine atom abstraction has been investigated recently [18f].

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Chem. Soc. 1985, 107, 2355. ; Dedieu, A. Theor. Chim. Acta 1982, 61, 587. ; Nakamura, S. Nouv. J. Chim. 1984, 8, 317. ; Green, M. L. H. J. Organomet. Chem. 1983, 250, 395. (b) Crabtree, R. ; Hamilton, D. G. Adv. Organomet. Chem. 1988, 28, 299. (c) Ginzburg, A. ; Bagatur’yants, A. A. Metalloorg. Khim. 1989, 2, 249 (in Russian). (d) Crabtree, R. H. Acc. Chem. Res. 1990, 23, 95. (e) Crabtree, R. H. Angew. , Int. Ed. Engl. 1993, 32, 789. (f) Heinekey, D. ; Oldham, W. , Jr. Chem. Rev. 1993, 93, 913.

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Activation and Catalytic Reactions of Saturated Hydrocarbons in the Presence of Metal Complexes by A.E. Shilov, Georgiy B. Shul'pin, Alexander E. Shilov


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