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By John Palfrey, Rafal Rohozinski, Jonathan Zittrain, Ronald J. Deibert
Many nations around the globe block or filter out net content material, denying entry to information--often approximately politics, but in addition with regards to sexuality, tradition, or religion--that they deem too delicate for usual electorate. entry Denied files and analyzes net filtering practices in over 3 dozen international locations, providing the 1st conscientiously carried out examine of this accelerating trend.
Internet filtering happens in not less than 40 states all over the world together with many nations in Asia and the center East and North Africa. similar web content material regulate mechanisms also are in position in Canada, the U.S. and a cluster of nations in Europe. Drawing on a just-completed survey of worldwide web filtering undertaken via the OpenNet Initiative (a collaboration of the Berkman middle for web and Society at Harvard legislations tuition, the Citizen Lab on the college of Toronto, the Oxford web Institute at Oxford collage, and the college of Cambridge) and hoping on paintings by way of neighborhood specialists and an in depth community of researchers, entry Denied examines the political, felony, social, and cultural contexts of web filtering in those states from various views. Chapters talk about the mechanisms and politics of web filtering, the strengths and boundaries of the know-how that powers it, the relevance of foreign legislations, moral issues for firms that offer states with the instruments for blockading and filtering, and the consequences of web filtering for activist groups that more and more depend on net applied sciences for speaking their missions.
Reports on net content material law in 40 varied nations stick with, with each one state profile outlining the kinds of content material blocked by means of type and documenting key findings.
* bankruptcy 1: Measuring international web Filtering
* bankruptcy 2: net Filtering: The Politics and Mechanisms of Control
* bankruptcy three: instruments and expertise of net Filtering
* bankruptcy four: Filtering and the foreign approach: a question of Commitment
* bankruptcy five: Reluctant Gatekeepers: company Ethics on a Filtered Internet
* bankruptcy 6: sturdy for Liberty, undesirable for safety? worldwide Civil Society and the Securitization of the web
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Additional info for Access Denied: The Practice and Policy of Global Internet Filtering
6. Yet many of the anomalies persist. We are still far from explaining why some countries resort to filtering while others refrain from taking this step. 5 Political filtering and voice and accountability. AE—United Arab Emirates; AF—Afghanistan; AZ— Azerbaijan; BH—Bahrain; BY—Belarus; CN—China; DZ—Algeria; EG—Egypt; ET—Ethiopia; HK— Hong Kong; IL—Israel; IN—India; IR—Iran; IQ—Iraq; JO—Jordan; KG—Kyrgyzstan; KR—South Korea; KZ—Kazakhstan; LY—Libya; MA—Morocco; MD—Moldova; MM—Burma/Myanmar; MY—Malaysia; NP—Nepal; OM—Oman; PK—Pakistan; PS—Gaza/West Bank; RU—Russia; SA—Saudi Arabia; SD— Sudan; SG—Singapore; SY—Syria; TH—Thailand; TH—Tunisia; TN—Tunisia; TJ—Tajikistan; UA— Ukraine; UZ—Uzbekistan; VE—Venezuela; VN—Vietnam; YE—Yemen; ZW—Zimbabwe.
Com they are actually blocking more than 52,000 other Web sites hosted on that same server. DNS tampering is achieved by purposefully disrupting DNS servers, which resolve domain names into IP addresses. Generally, each ISP maintains its own DNS server for use by its customers. To block access to particular Web sites, the DNS servers are configured to return the wrong IP address. While this allows the blocking of specific domain names, it also can be easily circumvented by simple means such as accessing an IP address directly or by configuring your computer to use a different DNS server.
The editors of a Wikipedia article are telling the story not just for the benefit of their neighbors in their own country, but for anyone in any place to see. The destabilization that Wikipedia makes possible is also a threat to the ability of a given state to control how its own ‘‘brand’’ is perceived internationally. So why and how would the Chinese state block—and then unblock—Wikipedia repeatedly? That question lies at the heart of this book. Internet filtering is a complex topic, easy to see from many vantage points but on which it is hard to get a lasting fix.
Access Denied: The Practice and Policy of Global Internet Filtering by John Palfrey, Rafal Rohozinski, Jonathan Zittrain, Ronald J. Deibert