A World of Gangs: Armed Young Men and Gangsta Culture - download pdf or read online
By John M. Hagedorn
“Street gangs reflect the inhuman objectives and greed of society’s trendsetters and deities at the same time they struggle to the demise over scraps from the desk of the overseas drug alternate. yet John Hagedorn, ordinarily, additionally unearths wish within the contradictory values of outlaw youth—selflessness, unity, and love amid cupidity and directionless rage—and he keeps the desire tradition of resistance will eventually be triumphant over the forces of self-destruction. even if one stocks his optimism or now not, he makes a compelling case that the way forward for the realm can be made up our minds at the streets of our cities.” —Mike Davis, from the Foreword
“A international of Gangs is an illuminating trip round the cultures, lives, tragedies, and goals of thousands of rebellious formative years round the planet. it truly is an imperative paintings to appreciate the area we are living in and crucial analyzing for college students of towns and communities.” —Manuel Castells
For the greater than 1000000000 those who now reside in city slums, gangs are ubiquitous positive aspects of lifestyle. although nonetheless so much heavily linked to American towns, gangs are an entrenched, all over the world phenomenon that play an important position in quite a lot of actions, from drug dealing to extortion to non secular and political violence. In an international of Gangs, John Hagedorn explores this overseas proliferation of the city gang as a result of the ravages of globalization.
Looking heavily at gang formation in 3 international cities-Chicago, Rio de Janeiro, and Capetown-he discovers that a few gangs have institutionalized as a method to confront a hopeless cycle of poverty, racism, and oppression. specifically, Hagedorn unearths, the nihilistic attraction of gangsta rap and its road ethic of survival “by any capability necessary” presents very important insights into the ideology and patience of gangs world wide. This groundbreaking paintings concludes on a hopeful observe. providing ways that gangs can be inspired to beat their violent trends, Hagedorn appeals to group leaders to take advantage of the urgency, outrage, and resistance universal to either gang existence and hip-hop with the intention to convey gangs into broader routine for social justice.
John M. Hagedorn is affiliate professor of legal justice on the collage of Illinois, Chicago. he's editor of Gangs within the worldwide urban and writer of the hugely influential humans and other people: Gangs, Crime, and the Underclass in a Rustbelt City.
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Additional resources for A World of Gangs: Armed Young Men and Gangsta Culture
Cities in the last few decades, as well as in Europe and the third world. Moreover, the gangs of Chicago, Cape Town, or Rio de Janeiro are also similar to other kinds of armed groups. In fact, gangs can often quickly morph into an ethnic militia, a fundamentalist paramilitary group, or a drug cartel. chapter 3 The Problem with Deﬁnitions: The Questionable Uniqueness of Gangs We didn’t call ourselves gangs. We called ourselves clubs or clicas. —l u i s r o d r i g u e z , Always Running How does one make sense of this description of gangs in Kano, Nigeria?
By contrast, in Chicago, the gangs stayed as the dominant neighborhood forces. Mayor Lindsay’s policies contrasted sharply with Chicago mayor Daley’s “shoot to kill” orders after Dr. ” Rather than fade away, like their New York cousins, Chicago’s gangs all got stronger. By the 1980s the introduction of cocaine allowed now well-established Chicago gangs to reorganize as “ethnic enterprises,”37 transforming turf into markets. However, in New York City, since the old gangs were defunct, new drug crews, not longstanding gangs, dominated the crack market.
45 The gangs coexisted with the country’s militant anti-apartheid movement, often giving support but also maintaining a suspicious distance. During the apartheid state, coloured people and members of Cape Town gangs were both discriminated against and favored over black Africans, and both hopeful and fearful of the black-led movement. 48 After the ANC victory, conditions changed again. Gang violence persisted as the economy in the Western Cape deteriorated. ”50 The gangs, which had already united in a cartel called the Firm aimed at regulating drug traﬃcking, responded by building a coalition of gangs and community groups, the Community Outreach Forum (“Core”).
A World of Gangs: Armed Young Men and Gangsta Culture by John M. Hagedorn